Non-Hermitian skin effect induced by Rashba-Dresselhaus spin-orbit coupling

Pavel Kokhanchik, Dmitry Solnyshkov, and Guillaume Malpuech Non-Hermitian skin effect induced by Rashba-Dresselhaus spin-orbit coupling Phys. Rev. B 108, L041403 (2023)

One-dimensional (1D) chains with nonreciprocal tunneling realizing the non-Hermitian skin effect (NHSE) have attracted considerable interest in the last years, whereas their experimental realization in real space remains limited to a few examples. In this Letter, we propose a generic way of implementing nonreciprocity based on a combination of Rashba-Dresselhauss spin-orbit coupling, existing for electrons, cold atoms, and photons, and a lifetime imbalance between two spin components. We show that one can realize the Hatano-Nelson model, the non-Hermitian Su-Schrieffer-Heeger model, and even observe the NHSE in a 1D potential well without the need for a lattice. We further demonstrate the practical feasibility of this proposal by considering the specific example of a photonic liquid-crystal microcavity. This platform allows one to switch on and off the NHSE by applying an external voltage to the microcavity.

Quantum vortex formation in the “rotating bucket” experiment with polariton condensates

Gnusov, Ivan; Harrison, Stella; Alyatkin, Sergey; Sitnik, Kirill; Toepfer, Julian; Sigurdsson, Helgi; Lagoudakis, Pavlos SCIENCE ADVANCES 9, eadd1299 (2023)

The appearance of quantized vortices in the classical “rotating bucket” experiments of liquid helium and ultracold dilute gases provides the means for fundamental and comparative studies of different superfluids. Here, we realize the rotating bucket experiment for optically trapped quantum fluid of light based on exciton-polariton Bose-Einstein condensate in semiconductor microcavity. We describe the phenomenology using the generalized Gross-Pitaevskii equation. Our results enable the study of polariton superfluidity on a par with other superfluids, as well as deterministic, all-optical control over structured nonlinear light.

Laser & Photonics Reviews cover!

Krzysztof Tyszka, Magdalena Furman, Rafał Mirek, Mateusz Król, Andrzej Opala, Bartłomiej Seredyński, Jan Suffczyński, Wojciech Pacuski, Michał Matuszewski, Jacek Szczytko, Barbara Piętka Leaky Integrate-and-Fire Mechanism in Exciton–Polariton Condensates for Photonic Spiking Neurons Laser Photonics Rev.2023, 17, 2100660

Minor embedding with Stuart-Landau oscillator networks

S. L. Harrison, H. Sigurdsson, and P. G. Lagoudakis Minor embedding with Stuart-Landau oscillator networks Phys. Rev. Research 5, 013018 https:/

We theoretically implement a strategy from quantum computation architectures to simulate Stuart-Landau oscillator dynamics in all-to-all connected networks, also referred to as complete graphs. The technique builds upon the triad structure minor embedding which expands dense graphs of interconnected elements into sparse ones which can potentially be realized in future on-chip solid-state technologies with tunable edge weights. As a case study, we reveal that the minor embedding procedure allows simulating the XY model on complete graphs, thus bypassing a severe geometric constraint.

Room-Temperature Electrical Field-Enhanced Ultrafast Switch in Organic Microcavity Polariton Condensates

Jianbo De, Xuekai Ma, Fan Yin, Jiahuan Ren, Jiannian Yao, Stefan Schumacher, Qing Liao, Hongbing Fu, Guillaume Malpuech, and Dmitry Solnyshkov Room-Temperature Electrical Field-Enhanced Ultrafast Switch in Organic Microcavity Polariton Condensates J. Am. Chem. Soc (2023)

We demonstrate a significant improvement of emitted intensity and condensation threshold by applying an electric field to a microcavity filled with an organic microbelt. Our theoretical investigations indicate that the electric field makes the excitons dipolar and induces an enhancement of the exciton–polariton interaction and of the polariton lifetime. Based on these electric field-induced changes, a sub-nanosecond electrical field-enhanced polariton condensate switch is realized at room temperature, providing the basis for developing an on-chip integrated photonic device in the strong light–matter coupling regime.

Angular-Dependent Klein Tunneling in Photonic Graphene

Zhaoyang Zhang, Yuan Feng, Feng Li, Sergei Koniakhin, Changbiao Li, Fu Liu, Yanpeng Zhang, Min Xiao, Guillaume Malpuech, and Dmitry Solnyshkov Angular-Dependent Klein Tunneling in Photonic Graphene Phys. Rev. Lett. 129, 233901

The Klein paradox consists in the perfect tunneling of relativistic particles through high potential barriers. It is responsible for the exceptional conductive properties of graphene. While in theory the perfect tunneling holds only for normal incidence, so far the angular dependence of the Klein tunneling and its strong variation with the barrier height were not measured experimentally. In this Letter, we capitalize on the versatility of atomic vapor cells with paraxial beam propagation and index patterning by electromagnetically induced transparency. We report the first experimental observation of perfect Klein transmission in a 2D photonic system (photonic graphene) at normal incidence and measure the angular dependence. Counterintuitively, but in agreement with the Dirac equation, we observe that the decay of the Klein transmission versus angle is suppressed by increasing the barrier height, a key result for the conductivity of graphene and its analogs.

Electrically tunable Berry curvature and strong light-matter coupling in liquid crystal microcavities with 2D perovskite

In this work, we present electrically tunable microcavity exciton-polariton resonances in a Rashba-Dresselhaus spin-orbit coupling field. For this, we have implemented an architecture of a photonic structure with a two-dimensional perovskite layer incorporated into a microcavity filled with nematic liquid crystal. Our work interfaces spinoptronic devices with electronics by combining electrical control over both the strong light-matter coupling conditions and artificial gauge fields. Science Advances 8, 40 (2022) (5 Oct 2022)